Repost: From Drupes To Nuts

It’s late; it’s been a long day. I wanted to write a post, but I’m kind of tired and not feeling very enthusiastic. So I thought I would do something I’ve never done before: reblog an old post. This one was written in 2012, not long after I started Gardeninacity. I hope you enjoy it.

DRUPING UNDER THE WEIGHT OF BOTANICAL KNOWLEDGE

I’m very glad I recently took an evening class in botany. For one thing, I now know what a drupe is.

A large berry.
A large berry.

You know when you are reading about some plant, say a serviceberry (Amelanchier), and the text says that the fruit is a small drupe? I no longer think that “drupe” is some random typo that sounds vaguely insulting. Now I know that serviceberries have drupes, not berries, and so should properly be called servicedrupes. This is an even worse name than serviceberry, but more accurate botanically, which is what is really important.

Drupes, you see, have a single seed. Berries have multiple seeds. Tomatoes are berries. Really. So are blueberries. To botanists, tomatoes and blueberries are practically indistinguishable, which is why I don’t visit when they are making spaghetti. (Tomatoes are berries botanically, but are vegetables legally as determined by the US Supreme Court in Nix v. Hedden.)

You know what else is a berry? A watermelon. Yup. If you don’t believe me, look it up. Watermelons and other melons are pepos, berries with a hard, thick rind. So on summer picnics we should be enjoying some juicy waterpepo, or waterberry. Oh, and an orange is a hesperidium, a berry with a leathery skin.

Strawberries have multiple seeds, so you might think they are berries. You’d be wrong. A strawberry is an aggregate fruit, because the fleshy part is derived from many ovaries. Each one of the seeds counts as  a single fruit called an achene, so the famous Ingmar Bergman movie should be called “Wild Aggregate Achenes.” When I say achene people often respond: “Bless you!”

Aggregate Straw-Achenes.
Aggregate Achenes.

Peaches and apricots are drupes. Cherries are drupes, so you could say that life is just a bowl of drupes, though that doesn’t have the same ring to it.

Almonds are drupes, not nuts, but hazelnuts are nuts. They just are, OK? Walnuts are a subject of some controversy. Some botanists think they are nuts, but others think they are drupey nuts, or nutty drupes.

berry club
My thanks to JL Westover of www.mrlovenstein.com for permission to use this cartoon.

 

So I am grateful to my botany instructor. I now know that some berries are not berries. I know that other things are berries even though the thought would be absurd to the uninitiated. And while some nuts are nuts, other nuts are  not nuts, while still other nuts might or might not be nuts.

And now I have shared this knowledge with you.

You’re welcome.

30 Comments on “Repost: From Drupes To Nuts

  1. This was an inspired post, with illustrations no less. I loved it. Thanks for reposting. I can now say my Serviceberry has many drupes on it this year. Yay…

  2. I love the clever title, and I enjoyed the post. I’ve decided that reposting can be a good idea, since there’s a good bit of turnover among readers. A good post like this one deserves to be appreciated anew, and besides — who would look at a poppy or rose and say, “There. I’ve seen that. Let’s move on to something new”? Perennial favorites isn’t just for flowers!

    • Repetition can be a challenge for garden blogs. I try to avoid writing the same thing on the same subject every year, but it’s a challenge.

  3. Sure you didn’t steal that post from Alice in Wonderland?

  4. Does the artist of the attached comic have drupey drawers?

  5. Great post! The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center’s quarterly magazine issue just had a similar article explaining all the differences. Great minds, I guess. 🙂

  6. Very entertaining and informative! I never heard the term “Drupe” before, but at least I did know that a tomato was a berry! 😀

  7. Botany can take the fun out of certain fruits and vegetables. Pineapples, figs, potatoes and of course, strawberries are not so appetizing once one knows what they are.

  8. Thank you, Jason! 🙂 I was going to use the words “informative” and “entertaining”, but since they were used just above, I say this post is very interesting and highly enjoyable. It definitely deserved to be reposted.
    The plant with yellow flowers (in my latest post) is Caragana arborescens, the Siberian peashrub.
    Happy gardening!

  9. I enjoyed the post, and I’m pleased you reposted, and I never heard of a drupe and now I think I need to lie down!

  10. Love if. Taking a break, like you, from a long, tiring few weeks, and learned about my serviceberrie’s drupes and tomato’s seeds. It may confuse my mind more, but fun, nonetheless.

  11. What a wonderful post! I had no idea re the berry, drupe situation!!! Loved that cartoon. I hope you have a less exhausting week.xxx

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